The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed on January 10, 1966, which resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Peace was urgently achieved on 23 September thanks to the intervention of external powers, which urged the two countries to a ceasefire, fearing that the conflict would intensify and attract other powers.   VI The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take measures to implement the existing agreements between India and Pakistan. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan to resolve the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (August 5, 1965 – September 23, 1965). It was signed in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, which in turn was part of one of the republics that made up the USSR. The main objective was to re-establish economic and diplomatic relations in the respective countries, to stay away from each other`s internal and external affairs and to work for the progress of bilateral relations. In India too, the people criticized this agreement because the Pakistani president and the Indian prime minister did not sign a pact on guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. After the day of this statement, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur died of a sudden heart attack. After him, no one accepted this statement and it was ignored by the next government. The First Indo-Pakistani War, also known as the First Kashmir War (22 October 1947 – 5 January 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan. A ceasefire agreement led to the establishment of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. An agreement signed in the Soviet city of Tashkent by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan to end the Second Indo-Pakistani War in Kashmir.
The two countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from the other`s territory and take back their prisoners of war, but also to begin normalizing diplomatic relations. Unfortunately, the proposed start of friendly relations between India and Pakistan was complicated by Shastri`s death just hours after the signing of the agreement. The agreement has done little to mitigate the deep hostility between the two countries since their independence in 1947 and did not prevent the outbreak of new hostilities in 1970. Tashkent Agreement (January 10, 1966), an agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri (died the next day) and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, ending the 17-day war between Pakistan and India from August to September 1965. An armistice was obtained by the United Nations Security Council on September 22, 1965. The deal has been criticized in India for not containing a non-war pact or a renunciation of guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. After the signing of the agreement, Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri died mysteriously in Tashkent.  Shastri`s sudden death led to persistent conspiracy theories that he was poisoned.  The Indian government refused to declassify a report on his death, saying it could harm foreign relations, cause disruption in the country and a violation of parliamentary privileges.  On January 10, 1966, the Tashkent Declaration was signed between India and Pakistan after the inconclusive war of 1965. This article provides details about the historical state in the context of the IAS audit.
Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan met in Tashkent on January 4, 1966. .