Wilson-Raybould now claims that PMO members tried to put them under pressure to lead prosecutors to agree to a turnaround agreement with the company. Last year, the Trudeau government amended the Criminal Code to enter into remedial agreements that are also called deferred policing agreements. However, the section of the Criminal Code that defines the terms of relief agreements states that the prosecutor must not consider “national economic interests” or “the potential impact on relations with a state other than Canada” when considering such an agreement. But the controversy has led to some misinterpretations of the legal mechanism, which is at the centre of concerns: agreements on late prosecutions, known as data protection agreements. The scandal revolves around a key question: did the Prime Minister, someone in his office or other government officials try to pressure Jody Wilson-Raybould when she was attorney general to enter and settle the corruption and fraud proceedings against SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. in order to protect the Montreal-based engineering giant from criminal prosecution? A U.S. district judge also recently approved an agreement to resolve the Justice Department`s investigation into allegations that Airbus violated U.S. anti-corruption laws. Under the agreement, Airbus will pay $527 million ($700 million) to the U.S. Treasury, resulting in a total of $4 billion ($5.3 billion) under data protection authorities in the United Kingdom, the United States and France. [10] Unlike Canadian law, data protection authorities were possible because data protection authorities were able to delay the prosecution of foreign corruption offences.

In July 2017, Transparency International Canada, the Canadian arm of a global anti-corruption government coalition, released a detailed report on the adjourned prosecutions. The report examined deferred prosecution laws in several other countries and examined the arguments for and against deferred prosecutions. The report concluded: “Overall, we call on the Government of Canada to consider a properly designed DPA mechanism to improve enforcement and compliance with anti-corruption legislation.” [13]:2 The SNC-Lavalin case was a political scandal of attempted political interference by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the Prime Minister (PMO) in the justice system. Canada`s Ethics Commissioner, Mario Dion, noted that Mr. Trudeau had unfairly influenced the then Minister of Justice and Attorney General, Jody Wilson-Raybould, to intervene in an ongoing criminal proceedings against the Quebec-based construction company SNC-Lavalin. [1] The Trudeau government stated that there was no pressure or inappropriate legislation, that SNC-Lavalin`s offer could save jobs, and that the controversy was the result of misunderstanding and “erosion of trust.” While it is fairly recent in Canada, DPA agreements have been used in other countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France.